OTD: Marco Polo declared ‘fastest ship in the world’

On today’s date in 1852, the Canadian-built clipper ship Marco Polo completed her round-trip voyage between England and Australia in only five months and 21 days.

According to Historica Canada, it was the first time the voyage had been completed in fewer than six months, and the Marco Polo became widely known as the fastest ship in the world.

Built in Saint John, N.B., the ship was named after Italian merchant Marco Polo, who was born in the Republic of Venice and known for his far-reaching travels.

On March 19, 1999, as part of its Sailing Ship Marco Polo issue, Canada Post commemorated the Marco Polo on a 46-cent stamp (Scott #1779) as well as a two-stamp souvenir sheet (SC #1779a) that includes the 46-cent as well as an 85-cent denomination. Printed by Ashton-Potter on Tullis Russell paper, the stamp has general tagging along each side.

‘FASTEST SHIP IN THE WORLD’

Once hailed as the “fastest ship in the world,” the Saint John, N.B.-built Marco Polo was one of many to come out of the Maritimes throughout the 19th century. In 1875, about 500 ships were built in Canada. Three years later, Canada had a merchant fleet of more than 7,000 vessels and ranked fourth in the world among ship-owning nations.

Time was a valuable commodity for trans-Atlantic traders, and ship speed was of crucial importance. Launched on April 17, 1851, the Marco Polo was created by James Smith to have the body of a cargo ship above the water line and the configuration of a much-faster clipper ship below. Smith was one of the first builders to meld the two designs. It was, of course, named after the great Italian merchant of the same name.

Canada Post also issued a souvenir sheet of two stamps as part of the release.

A SEA OF POSSIBILITIES

On May 31, 1851, the Marco Polo left Saint John for Liverpool and set a record by making the passage in 15 days. The ship has been the subject of several paintings, and one, by marine artist J. Franklin Wright, was commissioned by Canada Post for this stamp, which shows the Marco Polo under sail and leaving Saint John.

Marco Polo, the man, died on Jan. 8, 1324 at the age of 69.

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