On this day in 1972, Canada’s 14th prime minister, died at the age of 75.
Pearson, who led Canada for five years from 1963 to 1968, never held a majority government, but during his time introduced universal health care, instituted a 40-hour work week with two weeks vacation, updated the Canada Pension Plan. In 1965, he instituted Canada’s first official flag, the Maple Leaf. Three of his cabinet ministers: Pierre Trudeau, John Turner, and Jean Chretien all became prime ministers.
A career diplomat, he received the Nobel Peace Prize, for resolving the Suez Crisis, and introducing the concept of United Nations Peacekeepers.
As with all Canadian Prime Ministers, he was honored on a postage stamp shortly after his death.