On today’s date in 1965, Montréal’s Pierre Trudeau won his first seat in the House of Commons as a Liberal MP for Mount Royal, which is located in western Montréal.
Trudeau was one of 131 Liberals to win seats in the 1965 federal election, which saw Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson return to power. The Liberals lost some of the popular vote from the previous election; however, the party was able to win more seats despite falling short of a majority government.
Trudeau was eventually named Pearson’s parliamentary secretary before becoming the country’s justice minister, a position which allowed him to introduce divorce law reform and liberalize laws on homosexuality and abortion.
On April 6, 1968, at the Liberal leadership convention, Trudeau was elected as the party’s leader. Two weeks later, on April 20, he was sworn in as prime minister before calling an election for June 25.
In December 1999, Trudeau was named “top Canadian newsmaker of the 20th century.” He implemented the Official Languages Act; wage and price controls; the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; and worked the War Measures Act. He appointed the first woman Speaker in the House of Commons and Canada’s first woman Governor-General. He also famously vowed to keep the state out of the nation’s bedrooms.
The son of a French-speaking millionaire businessman and an English-speaking mother, Trudeau was born in Montréal on Oct. 18, 1919. He graduated from Montréal’s Jesuit Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf in 1940 then received a law degree from l’Université de Montréal in 1943. He then went on to study at Harvard, the École libre des sciences politiques in Paris, and the London School of Economics.
Trudeau was wildly popular with many Canadians—”Trudeaumania” swept the country. He was narrowly re-elected in 1972, forming a minority government with the NDP’s support. After being re-elected with a majority in 1974, the Liberal Party was defeated in 1979, an event which led to Trudeau’s decision to resign as party leader and retire from public life.; however, the following year, on Feb. 8, 1980, Trudeau returned as prime minister. He remained in power until June 30, 1984.
Trudeau died on Sept. 28, 2000.
CANADA POST TRIBUTE
On July 1, 2001, Canada Post issued a domestic-rate stamp to commemorate Trudeau’s life and career. Designed by Tom Yakobina, of Montréal, the stamp features a portrait by Myfanwy Pavelic. The portrait currently hangs in the south corridor of the Centre Block in the Parliament Buildings, and was unveiled on May 1, 1992.
Printed by Ashton Potter, the stamp was printed using seven-colour lithography and measures 32 mm x 40 mm (vertical).