OTD: Canada’s first post office opens in Halifax

On today’s date in 1755, Canada’s first official post office opened in Halifax, N.S.

Two years earlier, noted polymath and Founding Father of the U.S. Benjamin Franklin was appointed deputy postmaster general of Britain’s colonies, which since 1749 included Nova Scotia (as well as New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina).


It was Franklin who organized the first regular monthly mail service between Falmouth, England, and New York in 1755.

To connect Halifax with the Atlantic colonies and the newly organized mail service to England, Franklin also established what would become the first official post office in present-day Canada (although a post office for local and outgoing mail was established in Halifax by U.S. lawyer and Senator of the State of Virginia Benjamin Leigh in April 1754). Any available vessel carried mail from New York to Halifax until 1788, when regular packets came through the port.

Canada’s postal services remained under British control until 1851, when provincial governments were granted control of mail delivery.

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